Stemetil Tablets 5Mg
Brand : sanofi-aventis pakistan ltd.
Requires Prescription (YES/NO)
How it works
It contain a medicine called prochlorperazine maleate. This belongs to a group of medicines called ‘phenothiazine antipsychotics’. It works by blocking the effects of a chemical in the brain.
USAGE AND SAFETY
• Constipation • dry mouth • drowsiness • restlessness • trembling, rigid posture, masklike face, slow movements and a shuffling unbalanced walk • twitching • blurred vision The following side effects are less common: • low blood pressure • changes in heart beats • swelling of the hands, ankles or feet • skin rash • for females: unusual secretion of breast milk, irregular periods • for males: breast enlargement, difficulty in ejaculating • severe pain in the stomach with bloating, cramps and vomiting • difficulty passing urine • yellowing of the skin and/or eyes • headache • insomnia • seizures • dizziness • agitation • Brownish spots in the eye • difficulty in breathing.
•Sedatives, barbiturates • Other medicines used to calm emotional and mental conditions. • Amitriptyline. • Levodopa. • Carbamazepine. • Amiodarone, disopyramide, propanolol or quinidine. • Doxazosin, terazosin, guanethidine or clonidine. • Medicines used for diabetes. • Cytotoxics • Medicines used for infections (antibiotics). • Antacids. • Anticholinergic • Amphetamines • Adrenaline • Desferrioxamine • Lithium.
It is used to treat balance problems or dizziness (vertigo). This includes problems of the inner ear such as ‘Meniere’s Syndrome’ or ‘labyrinthitis’
When not to Use
Do not take if: You are allergic (hypersensitive) to prochlorperazine maleate or any of the ingredients in the list . Signs of an allergic reaction include: a rash, swallowing or breathing problems, swelling of your lips, face, throat or tongue.
It should be used cautiously in the elderly owing to their susceptibility to drugs acting on the central nervous system and a lower initial dosage is recommended. There is an increased risk of drug-induced Parkinsonism in the elderly particularly after prolonged use. Care should also be taken not to confuse the adverse effects of Stemetil, e.g. orthostatic hypotension, with the effects due to the underlying disorder.
It should be avoided in patients with liver or renal dysfunction, Parkinson's disease, hypothyroidism, cardiac failure, phaeochromocytoma, myasthenia gravis, prostate hypertrophy. It should be avoided in patients known to be hypersensitive to phenothiazines or with a history of narrow angle glaucoma or agranulocytosis.
Acute withdrawal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting and insomnia, have very rarely been reported following the abrupt cessation of high doses of neuroleptics. Relapse may also occur, and the emergence of extrapyramidal reactions has been reported. Therefore, gradual withdrawal is advisable.
Because of the risk of photosensitisation, patients should be advised to avoid exposure to direct sunlight.
Always consult your physician before using any medicine.
Store this medicine at room temperature, away from direct light and heat.