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      Dvago

      Glucophage Tablets 500Mg

      Rs. 169.50

      Rs. 178.50

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      Glucophage Tablets Specification

      Requires Prescription (YES/NO)

      Yes

      Generics

      Metformin HCl

      Used For

      Diabetes

      How it works

      Metformin is an antihyperglycemic agent which improves glucose tolerance in patients with type 2 diabetes, lowering both basal and postprandial plasma glucose. Its pharmacologic mechanisms of action are different from other classes of oral antihyperglycemic agents. Metformin decreases hepatic glucose production, decreases intestinal absorption of glucose and improves insulin sensitivity by increasing peripheral glucose uptake and utilization. Unlike sulfonylureas, metformin does not produce hypoglycemia in either patients with type 2 diabetes or normal subjects and does not cause hyperinsulinemia. With metformin therapy, insulin secretion remains unchanged while fasting insulin levels and day-long plasma insulin response may actually decrease.

      Glucophage Tablets Usage And Safety

      Dosage

      Metformin HCl

      Side Effects

      • Vomiting • Stomach ache (abdominal pain) • Muscle cramps • A general feeling of not being well with severe tiredness • Difficulty in breathing • Reduced body temperature and heartbeat .

      Drug Interactions

      Alcohol, Iodinated contrast agents , diuretics , corticosteroids , ACE inhibitors , sympathomimetics , NSAIDs , other hypoglycaemics . Inhibitors of OCT2 ( e.g , cimetidine, dolutegravir , ranolazine , trimethoprim ) .

      Indication

      Metformin HCl is used to treat patients with type 2 diabetes (also called 'non-insulin dependent diabetes') when diet and exercise alone have not been enough to control your blood glucose levels. It is used particularly in overweight patients.

      When not to Use

      Do not take Metformin :• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to metformin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine • if you have liver problems• if you have severely reduced kidney function. • if you have uncontrolled diabetes, with, for example, severe hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose), nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, rapid weight loss, lactic acidosis or ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis is a condition in which substances called 'ketone bodies' accumulate in the blood and which can lead to diabetic pre-coma. Symptoms include stomach pain, fast and deep breathing, sleepiness or your breath developing an unusual fruity smell.

      Glucophage Tablets Precautions

      Precaution

      Metformin on its own does not cause hypoglycaemia (a blood glucose level which is too low). However, if you take Metformin together with other medicines to treat diabetes that can cause hypoglycaemia (suchas sulphonylureas, insulin, meglitinides), there is a risk of hypoglycaemia. If you experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia such as weakness, dizziness, increased sweating, fast heart beating, vision disorders or difficulty in concentration, it usually helps to eat or drink something containing sugar.

      Glucophage Tablets Warnings

      Warning 1

      Metformin decreases liver uptake of lactate which may increase the risk of lactic acidosis, especially in patients at risk.

      Warning 2

      Stop taking Metformin for a short time if you have a condition that may be associated with dehydration (significant loss of body fluids) such as severe vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, exposure to heat or if you drink less fluid than normal. Talk to your doctor for further instructions.

      Warning 3

      Stop taking Metformin and contact a doctor or the nearest hospital immediately if you experience some of the symptoms of lactic acidosis, as this condition may lead to coma.

      Glucophage Tablets Additional Information

      Pregnancy category

      Always consult your physician before using any medicine.

      Storage (YES/NO)

      Store this medicine at room temperature, away from direct light and heat.

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